Structural design is the methodical investigation of the stability, strength and rigidity of structures. The basic objective in structural analysis and design is to produce a structure capable of resisting all applied loads without failure during its intended life. The primary purpose of a structure is to transmit or support loads. If the structure is improperly designed or fabricated, or if the actual applied loads exceed the design specifications, the device will probably fail to perform its intended function, with possible serious consequences. A well-engineered structure greatly minimizes the possibility of costly failures.
Simply u can’t make a building architecturally superb without a deep understanding about it’s structural planning and behaviour. Structural elements in building are like skeleton in human which gives the strength as well as proper shape to make it perfect. Proper structural planning for a building makes it strong and cost effective.
Optimum structural planning gives
- Flexibility to architects for minor detailing
- Support structure indeterminacy to provide many paths for load sharing and time to escape in case of earthquake failure.
- Provide proper serviceability and pleasure to its occupants.